The prehistory of Jamaica saw three separate waves of colonization by Amerindian peoples. Similarly, the glossy, red, pear-shaped ackee, poisonous if eaten unripe, and today the national food of Jamaica, came from West Africa, brought either by European slaver or African slave. He sailed down the coast and docked at Discovery Bay. The greatest buccaneer captain of all was Henry Morgan. Many of them were successful in running away from the plantations and joining the Maroons in the almost inaccessible mountains. The abolition of the British slave trade in 1807 did not mean that people of African origin no longer came to the island. On arrival at St Ann’s Bay, Columbus found the Arawak Indians inhabiting the island. Jamaica’s history has been poetically composed by Howard Pyle, who states: Jamaica, like many another of the West Indian Islands, is like a woman with a history. They were a wild, rough and ruthless set of sea rovers. In late 1654, English leader Oliver Cromwell launched the Western Design armada against Spain's colonies in the Caribbean. Caribbean Islands Table of Contents. Bogle and his men stormed the Morant Bay Courthouse while it was in session. In fact during the apprenticeship period (1834-1838) and in 1839, a number of persons of African descent came to Jamaica as free labourers. 58a Half Way Tree Road, Kingston 10 In England, they used to say “as rich as a West Indian planter” to … The next year 1,200 settlers from Surinam came to Jamaica … Under British rule, Jamaica went from being a Spanish storehouse to one of the most prized Colonial possession of the entire British Empire. Port Royal became an important naval base in the eighteenth century. Eyre was subsequently recalled to England but not before exchanging the ancient Constitution for the Crown Colony system. 1 (876) 926-3740-6, Feature | Presented by: Anjuii James Sawyers, Copyright 2020 The Jamaica Information Service. © Copyright 2018 Gleaner Company Ltd. All Rights Reserved. On January 1, 1808 the Abolition Bill was passed. Are You Prepared In Case There Is An Earthquake? The island’s capital was moved from Spanish Town to Kingston (1872). The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped … In 1655, the British ended a failed attempt to steal Santo Domingo from Spain by stealing the one island they didn’t care about enough to protect.I’m sure even fellow Jamaicans are wondering where I’m going with this, but after hanging around way too many Spaniards – and dating two – I’ve noticed a few things.Ricardo, Daniel, Emilio, Leo, Adrian, and Ian are all common Jamaican names. The British conquered Jamaica from Spain in 1692 and the island soon became a producer of sugar. Enslaved Africans filled the large labour force required for the industry. What is the Global Tourism Resilience and Crisis Management Centre? The only town that was developed was Spanish Town, the old capital of Jamaica, then called St. Jago de la Vega. The importance of St. Mary in the history of Jamaica is in many ways un-rivaled. In October 1865, an uprising in St. Thomas, called the Morant Bay Rebellion, was led by Paul Bogle. Columbus had heard about Jamaica, then called Xaymaca, from the Cubans who described it as “the land of blessed gold”. How To: Protect Yourself In Case Of A Fire, 4 Financial Quotes to Increase Your Wealth, 6 Things You Need To Know Today – August 20, 2015, 6 Things You Need To Know Today – August 21, 2015, It Name Wat? Columbus was soon to find out that there was no gold in Jamaica. The following year Jamaica joined the International Monetary Fund (IMF). They built their villages all over the island but most of them settled on the coasts and near rivers as they fished to get food. The process was aided by the introduction of European diseases to which the Arawaks had little or no resistance. The Maroons also had several wars against the English. The English settlers concerned themselves with growing crops that could easily be sold in England. Many Tainos were also brutally murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Spanish. The will of the masses was not deemed important and hence ignored. Bent was presented with a gift basket containing personal care items, courtesy of LASCO Limited. The cruelty of the enslavement and the comparatively small number of the slave masters, however, resulted in a history of rebellion and unrest as African Jamaicans fought the freedom to better their lot. With the English came a period of sprawling and prosperous sugarcane plantations and piracy. Having failed to capture the bigger island, and fearing Cromwell’s wrath, the men turned their fleet toward the relatively unprotected Jamaica. More than 430 people were executed or shot, hundreds more flogged and 1,000 dwellings destroyed. They arrived in ships in exchange for Jamaican labourers. By 1700 Jamaica was awash with sugar plantations and Jamaica's population was comprised of 7,000 English to 40,000 slaves. What Was Jamaica Like Under British Rule? Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Wellness, Hon. Battles while based on the island were hostile, as they did not mean people. Who were concerned about the slaves’ well-being no gold in Jamaica for why did the english came to jamaica... Not deterred freed their slaves and their descendants who became known as Maroons ( the. Lasco Detailing Representative, Jodi-Ann Mullings major reason for internal strife highlight and give credence to north! 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