A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. It will be able to carry up to 30 helicopters, as well as a number of amphibious tanks, armoured vehicles, jet boats, and hundreds of marine troops for land attacks and follow-up ground … At this stage, it is not known whether the 076 will have an angled flight deck; however the emphasis on its primary LHD role suggests the flight deck will also have more similarities with an LHD than a true aircraft carrier. These documents revealed some interesting specifications for the warship. These are important characteristics that will only be established over time. This will feed a direct current electrical system – item 24. Indeed, one might be forgiven for thinking that developing a VSTOL fighter is the most sensible and easiest route to provide LHD sized ships with a fixed wing capability. Many of these are taken from the rare 076 class request for proposal documents found by online sleuths. Recently, pictures of my country’s third 075 ship appeared on the Internet. The ship could be carrying unmanned fixed-wing aircraft to use the onboard EMALS as there were mentions about it – 无人机 – in the documents. Furthermore, unmanned aircraft tend to be able to attain greater endurance and range than equivalent weight fifth generation manned fighters as a reflection of their different competing requirements; after all, a flying wing UCAV does not need to sustain a pilot, or be capable of sustaining high Gs, nor is it required to attain supersonic speeds. With the current base of understanding, the 076 is best seen as an LHD capable of fielding a fixed wing high end strike and ISR capability enabled by an unmanned airwing, catapults, and arresting gear. On Thursday, Sputnik reported on the leaking of documents online pointing to a … Aircraft carriers typically require greater top speeds than LHDs, in turn requiring more powerful prime movers. Photos posted on Sina Weibo showed the 40,000-ton warship - part helicopter carrier, part amphibious assault dock - being escorted by tugboats out of Shanghai’s Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard and into the open … The flight deck geometry and area of an aircraft carrier are typically far greater than those of an equivalently sized LHD, and feature greater reinforcement and arrested recovery gear as well. Numbers of Chinese and U.S. Navy Battle Force Ships, 2000-2030 ..... 32 Table 3. Such an aircraft will certainly be inferior to F-35Bs in the air-to-air role, barring some significant advancement in UAV autonomy. There is news of a new generation of amphibious assault ship 076, so some netizens think: As the first amphibious assault ship built in our country, the 075 itself has a certain experimental nature, so its number may stop at two, and it will be launched next. The 076 at present is best thought of as an LHD with catapults and arresting gear to enable CATOBAR fixed wing flight operations. It is not known how many catapults 076 will field, or what its flight deck will look like (such as whether it will include an angled flight deck), nor is it known exactly when construction of the first 076 can be expected or how many 076s will be procured. Just $5 a month. The value of the two approaches can only be assessed in context of each navy’s own respective naval aviation and amphibious assault strategy. One of the most recent and fast-moving credible rumors to come from the online communities watching the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is a new landing helicopter dock (LHD) type vessel dubbed the 076. Royal Navy official photographer / Public domain A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. Also mentioned is a “UAV deck.” LHD First or … Indeed, while the Chinese aerospace industry has conducted pre-research into VSTOL, the path to develop a viable VSTOL combat aircraft would be long and costly and fraught with risk and delay. China's first Type 075, which was launched in September 2019, successfully completed its first sea … Most international LHD designs in the world conversely do not have their flight decks extend significantly beyond the hull width, whereas a carrier’s flight deck does. These are similar to the America and Wasp class LHDs. It then reached a number of overseas and English language news outlets. The tycoon-funded vaccine drive demonstrates the durability of the patronage state that Hun Sen has built since the 1980s. The Americans had a catapult installed in the hangar of the Yorktown-class aircraft carriers instead. What does the 14th five-year plan tell us about China’s? The Type 075 landing helicopter dock (NATO reporting name Yushen-class landing helicopter assault) is a class of Chinese amphibious assault ship under construction by the Hudong–Zhonghua Shipbuildingcompany. Item 31 of the document two mention the flight deck – 飞行甲板. Amid COVID-19, Pakistani journalists are looking for training to help them counter misinformation and stay safe while reporting. Successors 1 craft(s) +7 bonus; Created On: Windows; Game Version: 0.9.404.0; Price: $85,005k; Number of Parts: 1117; … The hybrid warships promise to dramatically expand China’s amphibious assault capabilities. We can confirm the new vessel will be an amphibious assault as item 41 in the second document says 两Q攻击JHSH, which means 两栖攻击舰核生化 in mandarin. According to a report of South China … It also reveals its weaknesses. The immediate area of contention for the 076 LHD is whether its fixed wing capability should be secondary to its function as an amphibious assault ship or if it should be primarily be considered a medium aircraft carrier. An amphibious assault ship is a type of amphibious warfare ship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault. Seoul has hesitated to tighten restrictions thus far, even as health authorities predict the number of daily cases might top 1,000. What comes next? It can also carry hovercraft, tanks and helicopters for amphibious missions. However, in theory, the 076 could still launch and recover manned aircraft with reduced loads, and offer the option to operate a limited number of manned aircraft in an ad hoc capacity if a specific mission requires it. Click here to subscribe for full access. Not to mention, such an aircraft would require a sufficiently high performance turbofan to enable VSTOL operations for a large strike fighter with relevant payload, range, and stealth in the first place. The ship is equipped with one or two electromagnetic catapult and arresting cables. The Type 075 amphibious assault ship needs to undergo more sea trials, and compared to the Yellow Sea or the East China Sea, the South China Sea has bigger waves and stronger winds, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Wednesday. A floodable well deck is also explicitly described, enabling the deployment of vehicles and amphibious craft from ship to land. Devoting time, expertise, funds and industry to the development of such a unique aircraft with such a relatively limited production run would not make sense, unless other branches in the PLA also procured this aircraft or if China designed this aircraft with export in mind. The aforementioned EMCAT and the arresting gear are the most noteworthy subsystems relevant to flight operations. 075 The third ship reveals the true face. The class 076 amphibious assault ship is a special type of ship in China's future development. However, the development of a new VSTOL combat aircraft is far from fast or inexpensive, and given the Chinese aerospace industry has never developed a VSTOL combat aircraft in the past, this would represent a significant undertaking. This opens up the potential for a larger production run and cross deck operations and flexibility as well. Items 32 and 44 of the same document suggest the ship will have an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) – 电磁弹射. One might then ask why the PLAN would seek to integrate these subsystems onto an LHD to operate fixed wing flight aircraft, rather than going the route of the USN and developing a VSTOL fighter such as the F-35B. A well deck is one of the cardinal features expected for a ship with an amphibious assault mission, and its inclusion aboard the 076 points to it still deserving the classic “LHD” designation. Provide information and air support to the landing forces.If there is a serious air threat, it must be accompanied by aircraft carriers. All military forces have a desired force requirement and a desired “critical mass” to aspire toward. The other type of UAV that the 076 is likely to field would be a more conventional long endurance UAV, such as a variation of the jet powered Wind/Cloud Shadow drone, which adopts a proven platform similar to that of aircraft like Global Hawk, and is thought to have a carrier compatible variant in advanced development. Comparisons between the 076 and its Western contemporaries will likely be made in the future, as the 076 emerges as a more visible and concrete project; however, it is valuable early on to recognize that the 076’s airwing will not be designed to fulfill the same variety of air-to-air, strike, and ISR missions in the same supersonic capable package that F-35B is. Beijing is developing a military vessel that is a hybrid of an amphibious assault ship and aircraft carrier, which would enable China to project its power far from its shores sooner than expected, according to procurement documents. Either way, this system is considered to be somewhat mature and is expected aboard the 054B frigate as well as the eventual 055A class succeeding the 055 destroyer. A recently leaked request for proposals (RFP) points to an amphibious assault ship with an electromagnetic aircraft catapult and arresting gear. USN needs to refit LHDs to better accommodate the F-35B, U.S. Navy to christen amphibious assault ship America, Turkey’s amphibious assault ship to be ready in February 2019, USS Bonhomme Richard starts first patrol as forward deployed amphibious assault ship. Notional Rendering of Possible Type 076 Amphibious Assault Ship ..... 26 Tables Table 1. The first of China’s big-deck amphibious assault ships has begun sea trials. The exact capability of this UCAV will depend on its size; however, any aircraft between the size of a navalized GJ-11 or something larger like the U.S. Navy’s X-47B demonstrator would provide a very credible stealthy strike capability relevant for high intensity conflict scenarios. India’s foreign trade policy must be aligned to its self-reliance goals. What do we know so far about China’s next amphibious assault ship? In a request for proposals posted on July 19 and subsequently leaked on social media, the project is referred to only as “Project XX6,” but observers have been calling the ship the “Type 076.” Judging from some of the details included in the RFP, the Type … The presence of an angled flight deck aboard aircraft carriers is one of the more obvious examples of this. The construction of 076. About As Beijing’s great rivalry with Washington turns openly hostile, and the US military seeks to reassert its traditional dominance in the Asia-Pacific region, the planned ship … Another Mekong dam project threatens to cost the former royal capital its UNESCO World Heritage status. 20. Rick Joe is a longtime follower of Chinese military developments, with a focus on air and naval platforms. Finally, an LHD is designed with capacity to carry vehicles and accommodating a floodable well deck for the mission of amphibious assault – roles that carriers do not fulfill. A trove of tender documents from China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 708 Research Institute has revealed plans for a Type 076 amphibious assault ship. The Chinese Navy is building assault carriers to support amphibious operations, like a possible invasion of Taiwan or landings on disputed islands in the South China Sea. Finally, a fleet of carrier-borne UCAVs and UAVs would be capable of operating from both 076s as well as future catapult aircraft carriers (003 and onwards). While two decks could have meant a flight deck plus a vehicle deck, there is too little information from the documents to determine which hypothesis is correct. Also mentioned is a “UAV deck.”. Guilty or not for exacerbating the suffering of Filipinos in 2020, Duterte is facing potentially tougher challenges in 2021. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious assault ship” like 075. Specific types of UAVs and UCAVs included a flying wing UCAV (possibly a navalized derivative of the GJ-11, a mockup of which was shown at the 70th anniversary National Day parade in 2019), as well as a conventional high altitude long endurance UAV known as “Wind Shadow,” which has previously been observed at the catapult testing facility at the Chinese Navy’s (PLAN’s) Huangdicun naval air station. Instead, the 076’s UCAV and UAV aircraft will likely emphasize longer endurance and longer range strike and ISR missions instead. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious assault ship” like 075. The consensus surrounding the 076’s fixed wing complement settled fairly quickly onto UCAVs and UAVs, and a number of pieces subsequently written by Chinese language insiders with established track records further reinforced this idea. China Shipbuilding Group is planning to build an advanced amphibious assault ship to boost the Chinese marines’ ability to hit targets on land and at sea. However, other subsystems documented include a munitions elevator and a flight deck elevator capable of supporting a weight of 30 tons. However, other subsystems documented include a munitions elevator and a flight deck elevator capable of supporting a weight of 30 tons. A well deck is one of the cardinal features expected for a ship with an amphibious assault mission, and its inclusion aboard the 076 points to it still deserving the classic “LHD” designation. But the 076 has been described as an amphibious assault ship and an LHD -- that should still be its primary mission. One of the most controversial questions surrounding the 076 is whether it will be capable of operating the manned aircraft that the PLAN’s future large deck CATOBAR carriers will field, such as the future FC-31 derived carrier-borne fighter. Whispers of 076, China’s Drone Carrying Assault Carrier – The … Whispers of 076, China’s Drone Carrying Assault Carrier By Rick Joe. The 076 might still be capable of fielding an airwing made up of a large fixed wing aerial complement, but may lack the flight deck area to operate as efficiently as a true medium aircraft carrier. This entails the launching of men-and-machine from offshore to bring the fight to the enemy onshore and beyond. Furthermore, any VSTOL capable “combat aircraft” must also be sufficiently capable and survivable in the relevant threat environment. The propulsion of the 076 will include 21 megawatt gas turbines and diesel engines, as well as a medium voltage direct current integrated power system. Sputnik was among the first to report on the new warship. Us, Write Even generously assuming the PLAN eventually pursues a fleet of 10 LHD ships similar to the Wasp or America class capable of operating a hypothetical VSTOL fighter, the total number of VSTOL fighters needed to outfit 10 such ships would number less than 200. Enjoying this article? The unprecedented designation threatens to generate frictions with an important U.S. partner in Southeast Asia. Therefore, the current vision of the 076 represents a markedly different way of providing an LHD with fixed wing aviation capability compared to the U.S. Navy and other Western navies that operate F-35B or Harrier jump jets. The Type 075 would give the Chinese navy the ability to launch various types of helicopters to attack naval vessels, enemy ground forces or subma… Similar debates exist for other navies as well, such as the USN, whose LHDs can function as medium aircraft carriers when operating large complements of VSTOL jets like F-35Bs or Harriers. GENERAL INFO. This 076 class LHD was first brought to the attention of the community in mid-2020, and in a rather unprecedented fashion a number of official request for proposal documents were found, and some credible insiders with established track records began to speak about the details of 076. The Type 075 is estimated to have a displacement of about 40,000 tonnes and is China’s largest – and the world’s third largest – amphibious assault ship, behind the US Wasp-class and America-class. Before long, the PLAN could have the dominant amphibious capability in the Western Pacific. As if it was not already rather jarring to consider an LHD equipped with catapults and arresting gear – essentially making such a ship technically a “CATOBAR” carrier (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) – those same insiders then revealed the primary fixed wing complement of 076 would consist of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or UCAVs for combat). 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