Investigate the benefits , motivations, barriers and driving force of the sustainability in steel companies, 4. Descriptive research involves examining a phenomenon to define it more or to differentiate it from other phenomena (Dane, 1990; Martella et al., 1999). As usual a variable in true form is denoted by 1, in Assessment of manager’s and stakeholders perceptions on sustainability issues, 3a. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Provide Reference It helps to know the changes in price level and value of money. Tabular Method Compute all prime implicants Find a minimum expression for Boolean functions No visualization of prime implicants Can be programmed and implemented in a computer. From the truth table, you can directly get a boolean expression via sum of products, but this is also a rather large expression. A single case holistic was chosen, since the considered Steel Plant was thought to represent a significant contribution to the knowledge and theory of sustainability management. Reference this. But, it is difficult to simplify the Boolean functions having more than 5 variables by using this method. Digital electronics deals with the discrete-valued digital signals. Tabulation facilitates comparison, analysis and interpretation of data easily with the help of statistical measures such as averages, dispersion, correlation, regression, deviations etc. From the second list we can see that the expression is now reduced to: Z = + Methods of Tabulation Simple tabulation Simple tabulation is when the data are tabulated to one characteristic. However, there are certain disadvantages too. Table 3.1 collates the advantages and disadvantages of these three survey methods. Thus, one minimal solution is: Z = + BD + + Consider the function: Z = f(A,B,C) = + Assessment of level of engagement with the stakeholders, 13. To quantify data and generalize results from a sample to the population of interest. This indicates that the number of 1's in a term is significant and is referred to as its index. The various methods used in this research are described in following sections. The following guidelines have been suggested by Saunders, Lewis and Thronhill (2000): The confidence on the sample data as to what extent it represents the characteristics of the population; The accuracy with which the sample data estimates various population parameters; and. (0000,0001,0010,0011,0101,0111,1000,1010,1100,1101,1111) in binary form. These terms from the first list are then seperated into groups in the second list. The Quine McCluskey tabulation method is a specific step-by-step procedure to achieve guaranteed, simplified standard form of expression for a function. All work is written to order. The sample size of 300 for distribution of questionnaire to managers of steel plant and 120 for stakeholders, respectively, was chosen. Each minterm covered by a given prime implicant is marked in the appropriate position. 3. 1st Jan 1970 3. Jain * SAMPLING METHOD is an important tool in the realm of social science researches. The survey questionnaire was employed in this study to collect the data because it enabled a systematic collection of predominantly quantitative data (Borg and Gall 1989). Assess the key sustainability issues for each stakeholder and their most important expectations to your company. programs have been developed employing this algorithm. You can skip testing the hypothesis and base the analysis on frequency tables and cross-tabulations only. 0000...................Index 0 Cross tabulations provide a way of analyzing and comparing the results for one or more variables with the results of another (or others). Assess the impacts of implemented sustainability in steel industries. Last Updated on Fri, 04 Sep 2020 | Agricultural Statistics. To achieve this, researchers develop theories. Information was sought from various sources including industrial and academic publications, institutions and university databases, the Internet, seminars, workshops and conference notes attended. Explanatory research aims to explain why a phenomenon occurs. However, more pragmatic view needs to be taken about how large the sample size should be, considering limited time and resources available in the present study. It seeks to describe and explain both perspectives and behaviour of the people studied (Brannen, 1992). It involves eliciting information from respondents which can be achieved through postal questionnaires, telephone interviews and personal interviews. One should examine various alternatives when choosing research strategy. Cross tabulation is a method used when creating graphs which display how different items inter-relate. For example, the survey that determined the frequency or number of employees of a firm owning different brands of mobile phones like Blackberry, Nokia, I phone, etc. Organization of data means classification, tabulation, graphical presentation and diagrammatic presentation of data. Tabulate the index groups in a colunm and insert the decimal value alongside. A, numerical assignment of Karnaugh map cells. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! An embedded case means that there are multiple units of analysis and a holistic case involves a single unit of analysis. Some managers discussed the various points on the telephone. Exploratory research aims at generating basic knowledge and demonstrates the character of a problem by collecting information through exploration. This paper is concerned with an analysis of this tech-nique with a view to explore the possibility of its use in projects concern-ing law, judiciary and the vast hitherto untapped field of legal research. The empirical assessment for capturing the perceptions and views of managers on the understanding of sustainability issues in steel industries was conducted in Chapter 4 based on the samples taken from the various countries. To aid the selection process, Yin (1994) mapped out several research strategies against various possible situations as collated Table 3.3 below. A truth table is a list of every possible output for every possible input. Survey is one of the most widely used methods in social sciences to provide a representative sample of the area of study and serves as an efficient and effective means of looking at a far greater number of variables than is possible with experimental approaches (Galiers 1992). Research questions start with what questions, which according to Table 3.3 suggest research strategies such as survey and archival analysis. Disadvantages of Surveys: Inflexible Design: The survey that was used by the researcher from the very beginning, as well as the method of administering it, cannot be changed all throughout the process of data gathering. Reminder letters were mailed to the individuals that had not participated. The six-variable functions. K-maps are not suitable when the number of variables involved exceed four. Note that the ticks are just there to show that one term has been combined with another term. Quine-McClukey tabular method is a tabular method based on the concept of prime implicants. 11. The chart is used to remove redundant prime implicants. Disadvantages of questionnaire Method Disadvantages of questionnaire Method are as follows:- 1. Company Registration No: 4964706. Descriptive research involves examining a phenomenon to define it more or to differentiate it from other phenomena (Dane, 1990; Martella et al., 1999). In fact, Qualtrics estimates that Cross-Tabulation Analysis and Single Variable Frequency Analysis together account for more than 90% of all research analyses. Clearly, an archival analysis seems to be a possible research strategy under these conditions. Evaluate, How significant are the stakeholders’ legitimacy to influence and urgency to influence the steel companies sustainability issues? Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Among various advantages, it facilitates in-depth study; produces overwhelming detailed information with a smaller number of people; and provides a great understanding of the topic under study. When conducting survey analysis, cross tabulations (also referred to as cross-tabs) are a quantitative research method appropriate for analyzing the relationship between two or more variables. Since the study used the detailed literature to derive the item statements and identified the various key issues, it can be argued that the study started as a descriptive study. The reason for exclusion of small steel companies was that the issues related to sustainable practices might not be much relevant to very small steel companies. Let we have a Boolean expression F= (0,1,2,3,5,7,8,10,14,15) and we have to minimize that by Quine McCluskey tabulation method. Akin to most qualitative methods, case study is time consuming. Questionnaires as data collection tool provide both the researcher and the responder with many advantages. It is a detailed investigation to analyse the variables relevant to the subject under study (Key, 1997). There is neither a fast rule to selecting research methods nor best research method, as the use of each research method depends on the form of research question, the research objectives and contextual situation (Yin, 1994). If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! The method reduces a function in standard sum of products form to a set of prime implicants from which as many variables are eliminated as possible. When administrative data are used for statistical purposes, the first problem to be faced is that the information acquired is not exactly that which is needed, since questionnaires are designed for specific administrative purposes. Price - Actual dollars spent per completed survey when the only cost of contacting someone was to send them an e-mail is low when compared to other methods; Online surveys are accessible to most target audiences. From the above chart, BD is an essential prime implicant. 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